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I’m Gwen Lockman, the author and creator of patina. I am a PhD Candidate in History at the University of Texas at Austin and an incoming Junior Fellow in Garden and Landscape Studies at Dumbarton Oaks. patina. is a blog dedicated to the questions, research, writing, teaching, and digital humanities work produced in completion of my dissertation.

how do we turn a copper city green?

patina. is the online workspace and gallery for Gwendolyn Lockman’s dissertation project, Recreation and Reclamation: Parks, Mining, and Community in Butte, Montana, 1876-2022. This project investigates the history of green space and leisure in an industrial copper mining city defined largely by environmental devastation and back-breaking work. By tracing the earliest urban parks in the Divide region of what is now Montana, Recreation and Reclamation, and patina., draw a through-line of opportunities taken, ecosystems lost, and futures imagined through the contradictory but codependent processes of forming capitalist success, identifying as a community, and attempting to solve toxic circumstances through parks and recreation.

This work made possible by

Kenneth Karmiole Fellowship, Clark Library, University of California Los Angeles

Summer Research Fellowship, the Graduate School, University of Texas at Austin

Short-Term Fellowship, the Huntington Library, San Marino, CA

Junior Fellowship, Dumbarton Oaks, the Trustees for Harvard University, Washington, D.C. and Cambridge, MA

Charles Redd Fellowship in Western American Studies, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT

Research Grant, the Mining History Association

Research Fellowship, Department of History, the University of Texas at Austin

Garden and Landscape Studies Workshop, Dumbarton Oaks and the Mellon Foundation Initiative in Urban Landscape Studies, Washington, D.C.

Carrie Johnson Fellowship, the Friends of the Butte Archives, Butte, MT